WBCS Syllabus | WBCS Exam Pattern

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WBCS Syllabus 2023

West Bengal Civil Service Examination is one of the toughest examinations to be a Civil Servant and every year almost 2 lakh candidates appear in this examination. The examination is conducted by West Bengal Public Service Commission. Though a lot of candidates appear in this exam, most of them do not have a clear understanding of the syllabus and exam pattern of the WBCS Exam. Hence, in this post, we discussed each and every detail of the WBCS Examination Syllabus and WBCS Examination Pattern. So, Read this article up to last to get a crystal clear picture of the WBCS Examination.


WBCS Exam Pattern

WBCS is a three-stage Exam pattern. These stages are –

  1. Preliminary
  2. Mains
  3. Personality Test


WBCS Preliminary Exam

The Preliminary exam in WBCS consists of only one paper – General Studies. The paper itself consists of eight different subjects, which are as below –

  1. English Composition
  2. General Science
  3. Current Events of National & International Importance
  4. History of India
  5. Geography of India with special reference to West Bengal
  6. Indian Polity and Economy
  7. Indian National Movement
  8. General Mental Ability

There will be 25 questions on each of the above-mentioned subjects and each question will have 1 mark. Hence, the full mark for WBCS Preliminary Examination is 200 and the duration of the exam is 2.30 Hrs.


WBCS Preliminary Exam Syllabus

  • English Composition
    • Synonyms,
    • Antonyms,
    • Idioms and Phrases,
    • Vocabulary test,
    • Phrasal Verbs,
    • the same words bearing more than one meaning,
    • use of appropriate and qualifying words etc.
  • General Science – This section will cover general appreciation and understanding of science, including matters of everyday observation and experience as may be expected of a well-educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific discipline.
  • History – Emphasis will be on broad general understanding of the subject in its social, economic and political aspects.
  • Geography of India will relate to Physical, Social and Economic Geography of the country, including the main features of Indian Agricultural and Natural Resources with special reference to West Bengal.
  • Indian Polity and Economy will test the knowledge of the country’s Political System, Panchayatee Raj, Community Development and Planning in India,
  • Indian National Movement – This portion will relate to the nature and character of the Nineteenth Century Resurgence, Growth of Nationalism and Attainment of Independence.
  • General Mental Ability – Logical perception, understanding and natural conclusion.


WBCS Mains Exam Syllabus

WBCS Mains Examination consists of six compulsory papers & one Optional Subject consisting of 2 papers. The six compulsory papers are as below –


WBCS Mains Exam Compulsory Papers

  1. Paper I: – Bengali/Hindi/Urdu/Nepali/Santali – Letter writing (within 150 words) / Drafting of Report (within 200 words), Précis Writing, Composition and Translation from English to Bengali/Hindi/Urdu/Nepali/Santali
  1. Paper II: – English – Letter writing (within 150 words) / Drafting of Report (within 200 words), Précis Writing, Composition and Translation from Bengali/Hindi/Urdu/Nepali/Santali to English
  1. Paper III: – General Studies-I: (i) Indian History with special emphasis on National Movement and (ii) Geography of India with special reference to West Bengal.
  1. Paper IV: – General Studies-II: Science and Scientific & Technological advancement, Environment, General Knowledge and Current Affairs.
  1. Paper V: – The Constitution of India and Indian Economy including role and functions of the Reserve Bank of India.
  1. Paper VI: – Arithmetic and Test of Reasoning.


WBCS Mains Exam Optional Papers

Candidates qualified for the WBCS Mains Examination will have to appear in an Optional Subject consisting of 2 papers. The list of Optional subjects are as below –

  1. Bengali
  2. Hindi
  3. Sanskrit
  4. English
  5. Pali
  6. Arabic
  7. Persian
  8. French
  9. Urdu
  10. Santali
  11. Comparative Literature
  12. Agriculture
  13. Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  14. Anthropology
  15. Botany
  16. Chemistry
  17. Civil Engineering
  18. Commerce and Accountancy
  19. Computer Science
  20. Economics
  21. Electrical Engineering
  22. Geography
  23. Geology
  24. History
  25. Law
  26. Mathematics
  27. Management
  28. Mechanical Engineering
  29. Medical Science
  30. Philosophy
  31. Physiology
  32. Physics
  33. Political Science
  34. Psychology
  35. Sociology
  36. Statistics
  37. Zoology


WBCS Mains Exam Mode

Paper – IDescriptive
Paper – IIDescriptive
Paper – IIIMCQ
Paper – IVMCQ
Paper – VMCQ
Paper – VIMCQ
Optional Paper – IDescriptive
Optional Paper – IIDescriptive
Time – 3 Hrs. for each Paper


WBCS Personality Test

Candidates who will clear cut-off marks of the Mains exam, have to present him/herself before the WBPSC for a Personality Test. Each candidate will be asked

questions on matters of general interest. The object of the test will be to assess the candidate’s personal qualities e.g., alertness of mind, power of clear and logical exposition, intellectual and moral integrity, leadership, and also the candidate’s range of interests.

Candidates for Group ‘B’ Service (West Bengal Police Service) will be specially tested at the interviews with regard to their suitability for the service.


WBCS Exam Papers Marks & Duration

 Full MarksTime
WBCS Preliminary Exam2002.30 Hrs.
WBCS Mains – Paper I2003 Hrs.
WBCS Mains – Paper II2003 Hrs.
WBCS Mains – Paper III2003 Hrs.
WBCS Mains – Paper IV2003 Hrs.
WBCS Mains – Paper V2003 Hrs.
WBCS Mains – Paper VI2003 Hrs.
WBCS Mains – Optional Paper I2003 Hrs.
WBCS Mains – Optional Paper II2003 Hrs.
Final Merit List is prepared on the basis of Marks scored in Mains & Personality Test



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